Summary Vesicles often must be transported over long distances in a very crowded cytoplasmic environment encumbered by the cytoskeleton and membranes of different origin that provide an important barrier to their free diffusion. In animal cells with specialised tasks, such as neurons or endothelial cells, vesicles that are directed to the cell periphery are linked to the microtubular cytoskeleton tracks via association with motor proteins that allow their vectorial movement. In lower eukaryotes the actin cytoskeleton plays a prominent role in organising vesicle movement during polarised growth and mating. The Ras-like small GTPases of the Rab/Ypt family play an essential role in vesicle trafficking and due to their diversity and specific localisation have long been implicated in the selective delivery of vesicles. Recent evidence has cast doubt on the classical point of view of how this class of proteins acts in vesicle transport and suggests their involvement also in the events that permit vesicle anchoring to the cytoskeleton. Therefore, after a brief review of what is known about how vesicle movement is achieved in mammalian and yeast systems, and how Rab/Ypt proteins regulate the vesicle predocking events, it is discussed how these proteins might participate in the events that lead to vesicle movement through association with the cytoskeleton machinery.

Ragnini, A. (1999). How to get to the right place at the right time: Rab/Ypt small GTPases and vesicle transport. PROTOPLASMA, 209(1-2), 19-27 [10.1007/BF01415697].

How to get to the right place at the right time: Rab/Ypt small GTPases and vesicle transport

RAGNINI, ANTONELLA
1999-01-01

Abstract

Summary Vesicles often must be transported over long distances in a very crowded cytoplasmic environment encumbered by the cytoskeleton and membranes of different origin that provide an important barrier to their free diffusion. In animal cells with specialised tasks, such as neurons or endothelial cells, vesicles that are directed to the cell periphery are linked to the microtubular cytoskeleton tracks via association with motor proteins that allow their vectorial movement. In lower eukaryotes the actin cytoskeleton plays a prominent role in organising vesicle movement during polarised growth and mating. The Ras-like small GTPases of the Rab/Ypt family play an essential role in vesicle trafficking and due to their diversity and specific localisation have long been implicated in the selective delivery of vesicles. Recent evidence has cast doubt on the classical point of view of how this class of proteins acts in vesicle transport and suggests their involvement also in the events that permit vesicle anchoring to the cytoskeleton. Therefore, after a brief review of what is known about how vesicle movement is achieved in mammalian and yeast systems, and how Rab/Ypt proteins regulate the vesicle predocking events, it is discussed how these proteins might participate in the events that lead to vesicle movement through association with the cytoskeleton machinery.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/10
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Vesicle transport GTPases Cytoskeleton Rab/Ypt proteins
review
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01415697
Ragnini, A. (1999). How to get to the right place at the right time: Rab/Ypt small GTPases and vesicle transport. PROTOPLASMA, 209(1-2), 19-27 [10.1007/BF01415697].
Ragnini, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/18876
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