The design of reliable biocompatible and biodegradable scaffolds remains one of the most important challenges for tissue engineering. In fact, properly designed scaffolds must display an adequate and interconnected porosity to facilitate cell spreading and colonization of the inner layers, and must release physical signals concurring to modulate cell function to ultimately drive cell fate. In the present study, a combination of optimal mechanical and biochemical properties has been considered to design a one-component 3D multitextured hydrogel scaffold in order to favor cell-scaffold interactions. A PEGDa woodpile (PEGDa-Wp) structure of the order of hundred micrometers has been manufactured using a micro-stereolithography process. Subsequently, the PEGDa-Wp has been embedded in a PEGDa hydrogel to obtain a 3D scaffold-in-scaffold system (3D-SS). Finally, the 3D-SS capability to address cell fate has been assessed using human Lin- Sca-1+ cardiac progenitor cells (hCPC). Results have shown that a multitextured 3D scaffold represents a favorable microenvironment to promote hCPC differentiation and orientation. In fact, while cultured on 3D-SS, hCPC adopt an ordered 3D spatial orientation and activate the expression of structural proteins, such as the -sarcomeric actinin, a specific marker of the cardiomyocyte phenotype, and connexin 43, the principal gap junction protein of the heart. Although preliminary, the present study demonstrates that complex multitextured scaffolds closely mimicking the extracellular matrix structure and function are efficient in driving progenitor cell fate. A leap forward will be determined by the use of advanced 3D printing technologies that will improve multitextured scaffold manufacturing and their biological efficiency.

Ciocci, M., Mochi, F., Carotenuto, F., DI GIOVANNI, E., Prosposito, P., Francini, R., et al. (2017). Scaffold-in-scaffold potential to induce growth and differentiation of cardiac progenitor cells. STEM CELLS AND DEVELOPMENT [10.1089/scd.2017.0051].

Scaffold-in-scaffold potential to induce growth and differentiation of cardiac progenitor cells

CIOCCI, MATTEO;MOCHI, FEDERICO;CAROTENUTO, FELICIA;DI GIOVANNI, EMILIA;PROSPOSITO, PAOLO;FRANCINI, ROBERTO;DE MATTEIS, FABIO;CASALBONI, MAURO;MELINO, SONIA MICHAELA;DI NARDO, PAOLO
2017

Abstract

The design of reliable biocompatible and biodegradable scaffolds remains one of the most important challenges for tissue engineering. In fact, properly designed scaffolds must display an adequate and interconnected porosity to facilitate cell spreading and colonization of the inner layers, and must release physical signals concurring to modulate cell function to ultimately drive cell fate. In the present study, a combination of optimal mechanical and biochemical properties has been considered to design a one-component 3D multitextured hydrogel scaffold in order to favor cell-scaffold interactions. A PEGDa woodpile (PEGDa-Wp) structure of the order of hundred micrometers has been manufactured using a micro-stereolithography process. Subsequently, the PEGDa-Wp has been embedded in a PEGDa hydrogel to obtain a 3D scaffold-in-scaffold system (3D-SS). Finally, the 3D-SS capability to address cell fate has been assessed using human Lin- Sca-1+ cardiac progenitor cells (hCPC). Results have shown that a multitextured 3D scaffold represents a favorable microenvironment to promote hCPC differentiation and orientation. In fact, while cultured on 3D-SS, hCPC adopt an ordered 3D spatial orientation and activate the expression of structural proteins, such as the -sarcomeric actinin, a specific marker of the cardiomyocyte phenotype, and connexin 43, the principal gap junction protein of the heart. Although preliminary, the present study demonstrates that complex multitextured scaffolds closely mimicking the extracellular matrix structure and function are efficient in driving progenitor cell fate. A leap forward will be determined by the use of advanced 3D printing technologies that will improve multitextured scaffold manufacturing and their biological efficiency.
Online ahead of print
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/10
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
Settore ING-IND/22 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali
English
tissue repair, biomaterilas, hydrogel, scaffold, stem cells
Ciocci, M., Mochi, F., Carotenuto, F., DI GIOVANNI, E., Prosposito, P., Francini, R., et al. (2017). Scaffold-in-scaffold potential to induce growth and differentiation of cardiac progenitor cells. STEM CELLS AND DEVELOPMENT [10.1089/scd.2017.0051].
Ciocci, M; Mochi, F; Carotenuto, F; DI GIOVANNI, E; Prosposito, P; Francini, R; DE MATTEIS, F; Reshetov, I; Casalboni, M; Melino, Sm; DI NARDO, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/187212
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