The water affinity of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), PNIPAM, is tuned by tacticity, since the hydrophobicity raises with the increase of the degree of isotacticity. On the basis of this experimental evidence, atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of pairs of PNIPAM stereoisomers in 1.6 % w/w polymer aqueous solution, a condition intermediate between the dilute and semidilute regimes, were carried out to comparatively investigate the solution behaviour and hydration of atactic and isotactic rich PNIPAMs, both below and above the lower critical solution temperature, LCST. 30-mers with content of meso dyads, m, of 45 % and 59 %, built assuming a Bernoullian dyad distribution, are used as models since their stereochemical composition corresponds to that of experimentally characterized PNIPAM stereoisomers. Simulation results at 283 K, below the LCST, show a scarce influence of the tacticity on the chain size, but a higher propensity for inter-chain association of the meso-dyad-rich system, in agreement with experimental results. Junctions between chains are formed because of hydrophobic interactions and are stabilized by a layer of hydrogen bonded water molecules, whose mobility is reduced as compared to that observed for the same meso-dyad-rich stereoisomer at infinite dilution. At 323 K, above the LCST, simulations detect both the coil-globule transition and the aggregation of chains. In this condition the influence of tacticity on the characteristics of PNIPAM aggregate is negligible.

Paradossi, G., & Chiessi, E. (2017). Solution behaviour of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) stereoisomers in water: a molecular dynamics simulation study. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 19(19), 11892-11903 [10.1039/C7CP00808B].

Solution behaviour of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) stereoisomers in water: a molecular dynamics simulation study

Paradossi, G;Chiessi, E
2017-04-07

Abstract

The water affinity of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), PNIPAM, is tuned by tacticity, since the hydrophobicity raises with the increase of the degree of isotacticity. On the basis of this experimental evidence, atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of pairs of PNIPAM stereoisomers in 1.6 % w/w polymer aqueous solution, a condition intermediate between the dilute and semidilute regimes, were carried out to comparatively investigate the solution behaviour and hydration of atactic and isotactic rich PNIPAMs, both below and above the lower critical solution temperature, LCST. 30-mers with content of meso dyads, m, of 45 % and 59 %, built assuming a Bernoullian dyad distribution, are used as models since their stereochemical composition corresponds to that of experimentally characterized PNIPAM stereoisomers. Simulation results at 283 K, below the LCST, show a scarce influence of the tacticity on the chain size, but a higher propensity for inter-chain association of the meso-dyad-rich system, in agreement with experimental results. Junctions between chains are formed because of hydrophobic interactions and are stabilized by a layer of hydrogen bonded water molecules, whose mobility is reduced as compared to that observed for the same meso-dyad-rich stereoisomer at infinite dilution. At 323 K, above the LCST, simulations detect both the coil-globule transition and the aggregation of chains. In this condition the influence of tacticity on the characteristics of PNIPAM aggregate is negligible.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
PNIPAM
lower critical solution temperature
tacticity
cooperative hydration
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/cp/c7cp00808b/unauth#!divAbstract
Paradossi, G., & Chiessi, E. (2017). Solution behaviour of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) stereoisomers in water: a molecular dynamics simulation study. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 19(19), 11892-11903 [10.1039/C7CP00808B].
Paradossi, G; Chiessi, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/179522
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