Nitric oxide (NO) is physiologically synthetized by a family of enzymes called NO synthases (NOSs). NO is a pleiotropic second messenger having a fundamental role in several cellular processes including cell differentiation. Being a high reactive molecule, NO must be synthetized in close proximity to the effector/target. For this reason, the subcellular localization of NOSs is tightly regulated by different post-translation mechanisms. Recently, in murine C2C12 myoblasts, we have demonstrated that mitochondrial biogenesis, an essential event for cell differentiation, can be effective only if the site of NO production is located at nuclear level, where NO favors the CREB-dependent expression of PGC-1α gene. The increase of NO flux in nuclei is elicited by the up-regulation and redistribution of neuronal NOS (nNOS) toward nuclei. Herein we show that an upregulation of endothelial NOS (eNOS) occurs during adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells. However, differently to differentiating myocytes, a concomitant redistribution of eNOS toward nuclei was not detected. We also observed that, upon treatment with the NO synthesis inhibitor L-NAME, mitochondrial biogenesis as well as triglyceride accumulation that normally occurs during adipogenesis were not impeded. The absence of eNOS in nuclei together with the ineffectiveness of L-NAME suggest that, at least during 3T3-L1 differentiation, NO is not fundamental for the induction of mitochondrial biogenesis and adipogenesis.
Aquilano, K., Lettieri Barbato D, & Ciriolo, M.R. (2015). The multifaceted role of nitric oxide synthases in mitochondrial biogenesis and cell differentiation. COMMUNICATIVE & INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY, 8(2), 1-4.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Aquilano, K., Lettieri Barbato D, & Ciriolo, M.R. (2015). The multifaceted role of nitric oxide synthases in mitochondrial biogenesis and cell differentiation. COMMUNICATIVE & INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY, 8(2), 1-4.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19420889.2015.1017158|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||The multifaceted role of nitric oxide synthases in mitochondrial biogenesis and cell differentiation|
|Autori:||Aquilano, K; Lettieri Barbato D; Ciriolo, MR|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|