B A C K G R O U N D Schistosomiasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease in Senegal. The early symptoms are hematuria and dysuria. Children’s comprehension of the disease is fundamental to preventing the infection. O B J E C T I V E S The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge attitudes, and practices related to schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in 2 rural villages in Northern Senegal and to evaluate their impact on the disease. M E T H O D S A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data about children’s knowledge of schistosomiasis, behavior, and preventive measures were collected through a questionnaire. F I N D I N G S Questionnaire responses from 575 schoolchildren were analyzed. Correct answers about risky behavior for schistosomiasis were associated with early symptoms (P ¼ 0.010). Wearing shoes and washing hands with soap were associated with not having hematuria and dysuria (P ¼ 0.007 and 0.049, respectively). Playing in rivers was associated with the aforementioned symptoms (P < 0.001). Children who had good knowledge of schistosomiasis reportedly did not have symptoms (P ¼ 0.002). A logistic regressionmodel showed that female sex (odds ratio¼0.35; P¼0.01) and attending a primary school (odds ratio¼ 0.13; P < 0.001) were significant predictors of a lower risk of the early symptoms of urinary schistosomiasis. C O N C L U S I O N S This study revealed that the level of knowledge among children in North Senegal about the causes, transmission, prevention, and treatment of schistosomiasis warrants implementing educational intervention.

Frigerio, S., Bert, F., Clari, M., Di Fine, G., Riva, S., Borgese, I., et al. (2016). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Schistosomiasis Among Children in Northern Senegal. ANNALS OF GLOBAL HEALTH, 82(5), 840-847 [10.1016/j.aogh.2016.10.002].

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Schistosomiasis Among Children in Northern Senegal

ALVARO, ROSARIA;BUONOMO, ERSILIA
2016

Abstract

B A C K G R O U N D Schistosomiasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease in Senegal. The early symptoms are hematuria and dysuria. Children’s comprehension of the disease is fundamental to preventing the infection. O B J E C T I V E S The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge attitudes, and practices related to schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in 2 rural villages in Northern Senegal and to evaluate their impact on the disease. M E T H O D S A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data about children’s knowledge of schistosomiasis, behavior, and preventive measures were collected through a questionnaire. F I N D I N G S Questionnaire responses from 575 schoolchildren were analyzed. Correct answers about risky behavior for schistosomiasis were associated with early symptoms (P ¼ 0.010). Wearing shoes and washing hands with soap were associated with not having hematuria and dysuria (P ¼ 0.007 and 0.049, respectively). Playing in rivers was associated with the aforementioned symptoms (P < 0.001). Children who had good knowledge of schistosomiasis reportedly did not have symptoms (P ¼ 0.002). A logistic regressionmodel showed that female sex (odds ratio¼0.35; P¼0.01) and attending a primary school (odds ratio¼ 0.13; P < 0.001) were significant predictors of a lower risk of the early symptoms of urinary schistosomiasis. C O N C L U S I O N S This study revealed that the level of knowledge among children in North Senegal about the causes, transmission, prevention, and treatment of schistosomiasis warrants implementing educational intervention.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/45 - Scienze Infermieristiche Generali, Cliniche e Pediatriche
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Italian
Con Impact Factor ISI
attitude, children, knowledge, practices, schistosomiasis, Senegal
Frigerio, S., Bert, F., Clari, M., Di Fine, G., Riva, S., Borgese, I., et al. (2016). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Schistosomiasis Among Children in Northern Senegal. ANNALS OF GLOBAL HEALTH, 82(5), 840-847 [10.1016/j.aogh.2016.10.002].
Frigerio, S; Bert, F; Clari, M; Di Fine, G; Riva, S; Borgese, I; Diouf, S; Alvaro, R; Buonomo, E
Articolo su rivista
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Frigerio_Schistosomiasi_2016.pdf

accesso solo dalla rete interna

Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 125.89 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
125.89 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/175500
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact