Impaired regeneration and consequent muscle wasting is a major feature of muscle degenerative diseases. Nutritional interventions such as adjuvant strategy for preventing these conditions are recently gaining increasing attention. Ingestion of n3-polyunsaturated fatty acids has been suggested as having a positive impact on muscle diseases. We recently demonstrated that a diet enriched with plant derived n3-fatty acid, α-linolenic acid (ALA), exerts potent beneficial effects in preserving skeletal muscle regeneration in models of muscle dystrophy. To better elucidate the underlying mechanism we here investigate on the expression level of the anti- and pro-apoptotic proteins, as well as caspase-3 activity, in C2C12 myoblasts challenged with pathological levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF). The results demonstrated that ALA protective effect on C2C12 myoblasts was associated with a decrease in caspase-3 activity and an increase of the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Indeed, the effect of ALA was directed to rescuing Bcl-2 expression and to revert Bax translocation to mitochondria both affected in an opposite way by TNF, a major pro-inflammatory cytokine expressed in damaged skeletal muscle. Therefore, ALA counteracts inflammatory signals in the muscle microenvironment and may represent a valuable strategy for ameliorating skeletal muscle pathologies.
Carotenuto, F., Coletti, D., Di Nardo, P., & Teodori, L. (2016). α-Linolenic Acid Reduces TNF-Induced Apoptosis in C2C12 Myoblasts by Regulating Expression of Apoptotic Proteins. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MYOLOGY, 26(4), 317-322.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Carotenuto, F., Coletti, D., Di Nardo, P., & Teodori, L. (2016). α-Linolenic Acid Reduces TNF-Induced Apoptosis in C2C12 Myoblasts by Regulating Expression of Apoptotic Proteins. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MYOLOGY, 26(4), 317-322.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/ejtm.2016.6033|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-set-2016|
|Titolo:||α-Linolenic Acid Reduces TNF-Induced Apoptosis in C2C12 Myoblasts by Regulating Expression of Apoptotic Proteins|
|Autori:||Carotenuto, F; Coletti, D; Di Nardo, P; Teodori, L|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|