The increasing use of mobile phones and wireless networks raised a great debate about the real carcinogenic potential of radiofrequency–electromagnetic field (RF–EMF) exposure associated with these devices. Conflicting results are reported by the great majority of in vivo and in vitro studies on the capability of RF–EMF exposure to induce DNA damage and mutations in mammalian systems. Aimed at understanding whether less ambiguous responses to RF–EMF exposure might be evidenced in plant systems with respect to mammalian ones, in the present work the mutagenic effect of RF–EMF has been studied through the micronucleus (MN) test in secondary roots of Vicia faba seedlings exposed to mobile phone transmission in controlled conditions, inside a transverse electro magnetic (TEM) cell. Exposure of roots was carried out for 72 h using a continuous wave (CW) of 915 MHz radiation at three values of equivalent plane wave power densities (23, 35 and 46 W/m2). The specific absorption rate (SAR) was measured with a calorimetric method and the corresponding values were found to fall in the range of 0.4–1.5 W/kg. Results of three independent experiments show the induction of a significant increase of MN frequency after exposure, ranging from a 2.3-fold increase above the sham value, at the lowest SAR level, up to a 7-fold increase at the highest SAR. These findings are in agreement with the limited number of data on cytogenetic effects detected in other plant systems exposed to mobile phone RF–EMF frequencies and clearly show the capability of radiofrequency exposure to induce DNA damage in this eukaryotic cell system.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Gustavino, B., Carboni, G., Petrillo, R., Paoluzzi, G., Santovetti, E., & Rizzoni, M. (2016). Exposure to 915 MHz radiation induces micronuclei in Vicia faba root tips. MUTAGENESIS, 31(2), 187-192.|
|Altre informazioni significative:||Affiliation of Paoluzzi, G. (co-author): INFN, Rome Tor Vergata|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/mutage/gev071|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2016|
|Titolo:||Exposure to 915 MHz radiation induces micronuclei in Vicia faba root tips.|
|Autori interni:||GUSTAVINO, BIANCA |
|Autori:||Gustavino, B; Carboni, G; Petrillo, R; Paoluzzi, G; Santovetti, E; Rizzoni, M|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|
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