The increasing use of mobile phones and wireless networks raised a great debate about the real carcinogenic potential of radiofrequency–electromagnetic field (RF–EMF) exposure associated with these devices. Conflicting results are reported by the great majority of in vivo and in vitro studies on the capability of RF–EMF exposure to induce DNA damage and mutations in mammalian systems. Aimed at understanding whether less ambiguous responses to RF–EMF exposure might be evidenced in plant systems with respect to mammalian ones, in the present work the mutagenic effect of RF–EMF has been studied through the micronucleus (MN) test in secondary roots of Vicia faba seedlings exposed to mobile phone transmission in controlled conditions, inside a transverse electro magnetic (TEM) cell. Exposure of roots was carried out for 72 h using a continuous wave (CW) of 915 MHz radiation at three values of equivalent plane wave power densities (23, 35 and 46 W/m2). The specific absorption rate (SAR) was measured with a calorimetric method and the corresponding values were found to fall in the range of 0.4–1.5 W/kg. Results of three independent experiments show the induction of a significant increase of MN frequency after exposure, ranging from a 2.3-fold increase above the sham value, at the lowest SAR level, up to a 7-fold increase at the highest SAR. These findings are in agreement with the limited number of data on cytogenetic effects detected in other plant systems exposed to mobile phone RF–EMF frequencies and clearly show the capability of radiofrequency exposure to induce DNA damage in this eukaryotic cell system.

Gustavino, B., Carboni, G., Petrillo, R., Paoluzzi, G., Santovetti, E., & Rizzoni, M. (2016). Exposure to 915 MHz radiation induces micronuclei in Vicia faba root tips. MUTAGENESIS, 31(2), 187-192 [10.1093/mutage/gev071].

Exposure to 915 MHz radiation induces micronuclei in Vicia faba root tips.

GUSTAVINO, BIANCA;CARBONI, GIOVANNI;PETRILLO, ROBERTO;SANTOVETTI, EMANUELE;RIZZONI, MARCO
2016-03

Abstract

The increasing use of mobile phones and wireless networks raised a great debate about the real carcinogenic potential of radiofrequency–electromagnetic field (RF–EMF) exposure associated with these devices. Conflicting results are reported by the great majority of in vivo and in vitro studies on the capability of RF–EMF exposure to induce DNA damage and mutations in mammalian systems. Aimed at understanding whether less ambiguous responses to RF–EMF exposure might be evidenced in plant systems with respect to mammalian ones, in the present work the mutagenic effect of RF–EMF has been studied through the micronucleus (MN) test in secondary roots of Vicia faba seedlings exposed to mobile phone transmission in controlled conditions, inside a transverse electro magnetic (TEM) cell. Exposure of roots was carried out for 72 h using a continuous wave (CW) of 915 MHz radiation at three values of equivalent plane wave power densities (23, 35 and 46 W/m2). The specific absorption rate (SAR) was measured with a calorimetric method and the corresponding values were found to fall in the range of 0.4–1.5 W/kg. Results of three independent experiments show the induction of a significant increase of MN frequency after exposure, ranging from a 2.3-fold increase above the sham value, at the lowest SAR level, up to a 7-fold increase at the highest SAR. These findings are in agreement with the limited number of data on cytogenetic effects detected in other plant systems exposed to mobile phone RF–EMF frequencies and clearly show the capability of radiofrequency exposure to induce DNA damage in this eukaryotic cell system.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
RF exposure; TEM cell; Vicia faba micronucleus-test; genotoxicity; mobile phones
Affiliation of Paoluzzi, G. (co-author): INFN, Rome Tor Vergata
https://academic.oup.com/mutage/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/mutage/gev071
Gustavino, B., Carboni, G., Petrillo, R., Paoluzzi, G., Santovetti, E., & Rizzoni, M. (2016). Exposure to 915 MHz radiation induces micronuclei in Vicia faba root tips. MUTAGENESIS, 31(2), 187-192 [10.1093/mutage/gev071].
Gustavino, B; Carboni, G; Petrillo, R; Paoluzzi, G; Santovetti, E; Rizzoni, M
Articolo su rivista
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Mutagenesis 2016 -RFR &MN in Vf.pdf

non disponibili

Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 3.23 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.23 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/172338
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact