PURPOSE: To define the prevalence, causes, and risk factors of vision impairment (VI) in children. METHODS: In this study, relatives of Association for Supplemental Health Insurance to the Employees of Telecom members aged 5-16 years were examined in all Italian regions. A standardized record card was used to collect data on medical history; keratometry; objective refraction; uncorrected, presenting, and best-corrected visual acuity (VA); examination of the pupils, adnexa, and anterior segment; direct ophthalmoscopy; posterior segment and fundus examination; and assessment for ocular pathology. Binocular and monocular VI were defined by a VA <5/10 (or <20/40). RESULTS: The campaign included 17,508 children, 12,798 of whom (73.1%) were examined (and 12,740 on whom all VA data were gathered). The prevalence of uncorrected, presenting, and best-corrected VI in the better eye was 9.0%, 2.51%, and 0.10%, respectively. The following variables were associated with presenting VI: age 10-16 years, family history of myopia, female sex, family history of keratoconus, and hypertension. Myopia is the main cause of VI (82.6%). A total of 96% of children with presenting VI had correctable VI. CONCLUSIONS: Correctable VI because of myopia is an important public health problem in school-age children in Italy.
Nucci, C., Cofini, V., Mancino, R., Ricci, F., Martucci, A., Cecilia, M., et al. (2016). Prevalence and risk factors of vision impairment among children of employees of Telecom, Italy. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Nucci, C., Cofini, V., Mancino, R., Ricci, F., Martucci, A., Cecilia, M., et al. (2016). Prevalence and risk factors of vision impairment among children of employees of Telecom, Italy. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/ejo.5000733|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||Prevalence and risk factors of vision impairment among children of employees of Telecom, Italy.|
|Autori:||Nucci, C; Cofini, V; Mancino, R; Ricci, F; Martucci, A; Cecilia, M; Ciciarelli, V; Zazzara, F; Cedrone, C; di Orio, F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|