De Lorenzo and coworkers have recently described a class of women with normal body mass index (BMI) and high fat content (normal weight obese syndrome [NWO]). This observation prompted us to study the possible role of acid phosphatase locus 1 (ACP(1)) in the differentiation of this special class of obese subjects. Acid phosphatase locus 1 is a polymorphic gene associated with severe obesity and with total cholesterol and triglycerides levels. The enzyme is composed by 2 isoforms--F and S--that have different biochemical properties and probably different functions. The sample study was composed of 130 white women from the population of Rome. Total fat mass and percentage of fat mass were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Thirty-six women had a BMI less than 25 and percentage of fat mass greater than 30 (high fat, normal BMI [HFHB]), and 94 women showed a BMI greater than 25 and a percentage of fat mass greater than 30 (high fat, high BMI [HFHB]). In the whole sample, the proportion of low-activity ACP(1) genotypes (*A/*A and *B/*A) was higher than in controls. However, whereas HFNB showed a very high frequency of ACP(1) *A/*A genotype, high-fat, high-BMI women showed an increase of *B/*A genotype. These 2 genotypes differ in the concentration of F isoform and the F/S ratio, which are lower in ACP(1)*A/*A genotype than in ACP(1)*B/*A genotype. The genetic differentiation of the class of women with normal BMI and high fat content from the class showing a concordant level of the 2 parameters supports the hypothesis that HFNB class represents a special cluster of obese subjects not revealed by BMI evaluation. Because ACP(1) is present in adipocytes, the present observation suggests that F isoform may have a specific role in the regulation of quantity of adipose tissue.
De Lorenzo, A., Di Renzo, L., Puja, A., Saccucci, P., Gloria-Bottini, F., & Bottini, E. (2009). A study of acid phosphatase locus 1 in women with high fat content and normal body mass index. METABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 58(3), 351-354.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||De Lorenzo, A., Di Renzo, L., Puja, A., Saccucci, P., Gloria-Bottini, F., & Bottini, E. (2009). A study of acid phosphatase locus 1 in women with high fat content and normal body mass index. METABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 58(3), 351-354.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2008.10.007|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2009|
|Titolo:||A study of acid phosphatase locus 1 in women with high fat content and normal body mass index|
|Autori:||De Lorenzo, A; Di Renzo, L; Puja, A; Saccucci, P; Gloria-Bottini, F; Bottini, E|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|