The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) is a crucial player of the antiviral innate response. Intriguingly, however, NF-κB activation is assumed to favour herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection rather than restrict it. Apoptosis, a form of innate response to viruses, is completely inhibited by HSV in fully permissive cells, but not in cells incapable to fully sustain HSV replication, such as immunocompetent cells. To resolve the intricate interplay among NF-κB signalling, apoptosis and permissiveness to HSV-1 in monocytic cells, we utilized U937 monocytic cells in which NF-κB activation was inhibited by expressing a dominant-negative IκBα. Surprisingly, viral production was increased in monocytic cells in which NF-κB was inhibited. Moreover, inhibition of NF-κB led to increased apoptosis following HSV-1 infection, associated with lysosomal membrane permeabilization. High expression of late viral proteins and induction of apoptosis occurred in distinct cells. Transcriptional analysis of known innate response genes by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR excluded a contribution of the assayed genes to the observed phenomena. Thus, in monocytic cells NF-κB activation simultaneously serves as an innate process to restrict viral replication as well as a mechanism to limit the damage of an excessive apoptotic response to HSV-1 infection. This finding may clarify mechanisms controlling HSV-1 infection in monocytic cells.
Marino-Merlo, F., Papaianni, E., Medici, M.a., Macchi, B., Grelli, S., Mosca, C., et al. (2016). HSV-1-induced activation of NF-κB protects U937 monocytic cells against both virus replication and apoptosis. CELL DEATH & DISEASE, 7(9), e2354-2368 [10.1038/cddis.2016.250].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Marino-Merlo, F., Papaianni, E., Medici, M.a., Macchi, B., Grelli, S., Mosca, C., et al. (2016). HSV-1-induced activation of NF-κB protects U937 monocytic cells against both virus replication and apoptosis. CELL DEATH & DISEASE, 7(9), e2354-2368 [10.1038/cddis.2016.250].|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14|
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2016.250|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2016|
|Titolo:||HSV-1-induced activation of NF-κB protects U937 monocytic cells against both virus replication and apoptosis|
|Autori:||Marino-Merlo, F; Papaianni, E; Medici, Ma; Macchi, B; Grelli, S; Mosca, C; Borner, C; Mastino, A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|