The most impressive clinical feature of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) at diagnosis is the presence in 80% to 90% of patients of a severe hemorrhagic syndrome. Recent data favor a fibrinolytic/proteolytic process rather than a disseminated intravascular coagulation as the mechanism mainly responsible for the hemorrhagic diathesis in APL. Morphologically, two main cytologic variants have been Identified: the classical hypergranular APL (M3), which represents the great majority of all APL, and the microgranular variant (M3v), which accounts for about 15% to 20% of all APL. A rare basophilic variant has also been described. With regard to prognosis, it has markedly changed from that of a rapidly fatal acute leukemia to that of a highly curable disease. This revolutionary progress was mainly due to the introduction during the 1990s of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for the treatment of this disease. After the introduction of ATRA, in addition to clinical features such as hyperleukocytosis (white blood cell count > 10 x 10(9)/L) or thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 10 x 10(3)/L) at presentation, immunophenotype markers and polymerase chain reaction status for promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor-alpha during follow-up also had an impact on prognosis.

Avvisati, G., Lo Coco, F., & Mandelli, F. (2001). Acute promyelocytic leukemia: clinical and morphologic features and prognostic factors. SEMINARS IN HEMATOLOGY, 38(1), 4-12.

Acute promyelocytic leukemia: clinical and morphologic features and prognostic factors

LO COCO, FRANCESCO;
2001-01

Abstract

The most impressive clinical feature of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) at diagnosis is the presence in 80% to 90% of patients of a severe hemorrhagic syndrome. Recent data favor a fibrinolytic/proteolytic process rather than a disseminated intravascular coagulation as the mechanism mainly responsible for the hemorrhagic diathesis in APL. Morphologically, two main cytologic variants have been Identified: the classical hypergranular APL (M3), which represents the great majority of all APL, and the microgranular variant (M3v), which accounts for about 15% to 20% of all APL. A rare basophilic variant has also been described. With regard to prognosis, it has markedly changed from that of a rapidly fatal acute leukemia to that of a highly curable disease. This revolutionary progress was mainly due to the introduction during the 1990s of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for the treatment of this disease. After the introduction of ATRA, in addition to clinical features such as hyperleukocytosis (white blood cell count > 10 x 10(9)/L) or thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 10 x 10(3)/L) at presentation, immunophenotype markers and polymerase chain reaction status for promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor-alpha during follow-up also had an impact on prognosis.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
English
Antineoplastic Agents; Humans; Prognosis; Tretinoin; Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
Avvisati, G., Lo Coco, F., & Mandelli, F. (2001). Acute promyelocytic leukemia: clinical and morphologic features and prognostic factors. SEMINARS IN HEMATOLOGY, 38(1), 4-12.
Avvisati, G; LO COCO, F; Mandelli, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/161974
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