Brivaracetam (ucb 34714; BRV), a new antiepileptic drug (AED) candidate, is a pyrrolidone derivative displaying a markedly higher affinity than levetiracetam (LEV; Keppra) to the synaptic vesicle protein SV2A, shown to be the brain-specific binding site of LEV. The higher affinity for SV2A correlates significant antiepileptic activity in animal epilepsy models in vitro and in vivo. Since many AEDs act upon inhibiting neuronal Na(+) currents, this study explored putative activity of BRV on the properties of these currents. Voltage-activated Na(+) currents were recorded by whole-cell patch-clamp on neuronal somas of rat neocortical neurons, grown in dissociated cell culture for up to 12 days. BRV, dissolved at the desired final concentration (between 0.2microM and 1mM) was applied by a multi-barrel pipette system near the soma of the recorded neuron. BRV produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of voltage-dependent Na(+) currents with IC(50) values of 41microM at the holding potential of -100mV, and of 6.5microM at the holding potential of -60mV. The voltage-dependence of activation and the kinetics of fast inactivation were not modified in the presence of BRV (30microM). Conversely, the recovery from fast inactivation was significantly slower and the voltage of half-maximal inactivation was shifted toward hyperpolarized value after BRV perfusion in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, BRV (30microM) induced a significant use-dependent block at 50Hz stimulation frequency. These results indicate that BRV is able to modulate the voltage-activated Na(+) inflow in cortical neurons, which conceivably might contribute to the antiepileptic activity of this drug.
Zona, C., Pieri, M., Carunchio, I., Curcio, L., Klitgaard, H., & Margineanu, D.G. (2010). Brivaracetam (ucb 34714) inhibits Na(+) current in rat cortical neurons in culture. EPILEPSY RESEARCH, 88(1), 46-54.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Zona, C., Pieri, M., Carunchio, I., Curcio, L., Klitgaard, H., & Margineanu, D.G. (2010). Brivaracetam (ucb 34714) inhibits Na(+) current in rat cortical neurons in culture. EPILEPSY RESEARCH, 88(1), 46-54.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2009.09.024|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2010|
|Titolo:||Brivaracetam (ucb 34714) inhibits Na(+) current in rat cortical neurons in culture|
|Autori:||Zona, C; Pieri, M; Carunchio, I; Curcio, L; Klitgaard, H; Margineanu, DG|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|