The acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)-specific t(15;17) chromosome abnormality is characterized at the molecular level by rearrangement of the PML and RAR alpha genes, resulting in fusion PML/RAR alpha mRNA and a chimeric protein. Besides its relevance in the pathogenesis of the disease, this hybrid gene represents a specific tumor marker that is rapidly detectable by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the RNA extracted from leukemic blasts. Several studies have highlighted the clinical relevance of PML/RAR alpha detection, which provides a specific diagnosis, prognostic information, and prediction of relapse when monitoring residual disease during the follow-up. In fact, this hybrid gene is detected in 100% of APLs. Rare cases of patients with a morphological diagnosis of FAB M3 AML who lack the specific PML/RAR alpha abnormality have been reported as being unresponsive to differentiation treatment. Finally, all the studies reported so far on PCR monitoring in APL have documented that the identification of small amounts of residual disease at remission strongly predicts impending relapse. Thus, RT-PCR of the hybrid PML/RAR alpha gene is currently performed prospectively as part of cooperative clinical trials aimed at better addressing post-remission treatment in APL.
Diverio, D., Riccioni, R., Mandelli, F., & Lo Coco, F. (1995). The PML/RAR alpha fusion gene in the diagnosis and monitoring of acute promyelocytic leukemia. HAEMATOLOGICA, 80(2), 155-160.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Diverio, D., Riccioni, R., Mandelli, F., & Lo Coco, F. (1995). The PML/RAR alpha fusion gene in the diagnosis and monitoring of acute promyelocytic leukemia. HAEMATOLOGICA, 80(2), 155-160.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Titolo:||The PML/RAR alpha fusion gene in the diagnosis and monitoring of acute promyelocytic leukemia|
|Autori:||Diverio, D; Riccioni, R; Mandelli, F; Lo Coco, F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|