Since the discovery of the neutron in 1934 neutron beams have been used in a very broad range of applications, As an aging fleet of nuclear reactor sources is retired the use of compact accelerator–driven neutron sources (CANS) are becoming more prevalent. CANS are playing a significant and expanding role in research and development in science and engineering, as well as in education and training. In the realm of multidisciplinary applications, CANS offer opportunities over a wide range of technical utilization, from interrogation of civil structures to medical therapy to cultural heritage study. This paper aims to provide the first comprehensive overview of the history, current status of operation, and ongoing development of CANS worldwide. The basic physics and engineering regarding neutron production by accelerators, target-moderator systems, and beam line instrumentation are introduced, followed by an extensive discussion of various evolving applications currently exploited at CANS.

Anderson, I.S., Andreani, C., Carpenter, J.M., Festa, G., Gorini, G., Loong, C.K., et al. (2016). Research opportunities with compact accelerator-driven neutron sources. PHYSICS REPORTS, 654, 1-58.

Research opportunities with compact accelerator-driven neutron sources

ANDREANI, CARLA;FESTA, GIULIA;SENESI, ROBERTO
2016

Abstract

Since the discovery of the neutron in 1934 neutron beams have been used in a very broad range of applications, As an aging fleet of nuclear reactor sources is retired the use of compact accelerator–driven neutron sources (CANS) are becoming more prevalent. CANS are playing a significant and expanding role in research and development in science and engineering, as well as in education and training. In the realm of multidisciplinary applications, CANS offer opportunities over a wide range of technical utilization, from interrogation of civil structures to medical therapy to cultural heritage study. This paper aims to provide the first comprehensive overview of the history, current status of operation, and ongoing development of CANS worldwide. The basic physics and engineering regarding neutron production by accelerators, target-moderator systems, and beam line instrumentation are introduced, followed by an extensive discussion of various evolving applications currently exploited at CANS.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
Settore FIS/07
eng
Con Impact Factor ISI
Accelerator; Compact neutron sources; Cultural heritage; Detectors; Neutron scattering neutron interrogation; Neutronics; Nuclear reactions;
Anderson, I.S., Andreani, C., Carpenter, J.M., Festa, G., Gorini, G., Loong, C.K., et al. (2016). Research opportunities with compact accelerator-driven neutron sources. PHYSICS REPORTS, 654, 1-58.
Anderson, IS; Andreani, C; Carpenter, JM; Festa, G; Gorini, G; Loong, CK; Senesi, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/160063
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