This study presents the first direct and quantitative measurement of the nuclear momentum distribution anisotropy and the quantum kinetic energy tensor in stable and metastable (supercooled) water near its triple point, using deep inelastic neutron scattering (DINS). From the experimental spectra, accurate line shapes of the hydrogen momentum distributions are derived using an anisotropic Gaussian and a model-independent framework. The experimental results, benchmarked with those obtained for the solid phase, provide the state of the art directional values of the hydrogen mean kinetic energy in metastable water. The determinations of the direction kinetic energies in the supercooled phase, provide accurate and quantitative measurements of these dynamical observables in metastable and stable phases, that is, key insight in the physical mechanisms of the hydrogen quantum state in both disordered and polycrystalline systems. The remarkable findings of this study establish novel insight into further expand the capacity and accuracy of DINS investigations of the nuclear quantum effects in water and represent reference experimental values for theoretical investigations.

Andreani, C., Romanelli, G., & Senesi, R. (2016). Direct measurements of quantum kinetic energy tensor in stable and metastable water near the triple point: an experimental benchmark. THE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 7(12), 2216-2220 [10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00926].

Direct measurements of quantum kinetic energy tensor in stable and metastable water near the triple point: an experimental benchmark

ANDREANI, CARLA;SENESI, ROBERTO
2016

Abstract

This study presents the first direct and quantitative measurement of the nuclear momentum distribution anisotropy and the quantum kinetic energy tensor in stable and metastable (supercooled) water near its triple point, using deep inelastic neutron scattering (DINS). From the experimental spectra, accurate line shapes of the hydrogen momentum distributions are derived using an anisotropic Gaussian and a model-independent framework. The experimental results, benchmarked with those obtained for the solid phase, provide the state of the art directional values of the hydrogen mean kinetic energy in metastable water. The determinations of the direction kinetic energies in the supercooled phase, provide accurate and quantitative measurements of these dynamical observables in metastable and stable phases, that is, key insight in the physical mechanisms of the hydrogen quantum state in both disordered and polycrystalline systems. The remarkable findings of this study establish novel insight into further expand the capacity and accuracy of DINS investigations of the nuclear quantum effects in water and represent reference experimental values for theoretical investigations.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
eng
Con Impact Factor ISI
Andreani, C., Romanelli, G., & Senesi, R. (2016). Direct measurements of quantum kinetic energy tensor in stable and metastable water near the triple point: an experimental benchmark. THE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 7(12), 2216-2220 [10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00926].
Andreani, C; Romanelli, G; Senesi, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/160059
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