Osteochondral lesions due to injury or other pathology commonly result in the development of osteoarthritis and progressive joint destruction. Bioengineered scaffolds are widely studied for regenerative surgery strategies in osteochondral defect management, also combining the use of stem cells, growth factors and hormones. The utility in tissue engineering of human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) isolated from adipose tissue has been widely noted. Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represents an alternative strategy in regenerative medicine for the local release of endogenous growth factors and hormones. Here we compared the effects of three-dimensional (3D) collagen type I scaffold culture and combined treatment with PRP and human recombinant insulin on the chondro-/osteogenic differentiation of ASCs. Histochemical and biomolecular analyses demonstrated that chondro-/osteogenic differentiation was increased in ASC-populated 3D collagen scaffolds compared with two-dimensional (2D) plastic dish culture. Chondro-/osteogenic differentiation was further enhanced in the presence of combined PRP (5% v/v) and insulin (100 nm) treatment. In addition, chondro-/osteogenic differentiation associated with the contraction of ASC-populated 3D collagen scaffold and increased β1/β3-integrin expression. Inhibition studies demonstrated that PRP/insulin-induced chondro-/osteogenic differentiation is independent of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling; IGF-R1/mTOR inhibition even enhanced ASC chondro-/osteogenic differentiation. Our findings underline that 3D collagen scaffold culture in association with platelet-derived growth factors and insulin favour the chondro-/osteogenic differentiation of ASCs, suggesting new translational applications in regenerative medicine for the management of osteochondral defects.

Scioli, M.g., Bielli, A., Gentile, P., Cervelli, V., Orlandi, A. (2017). Combined treatment with platelet-rich plasma and insulin favours chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells in three-dimensional collagen scaffolds. JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE, 11(8), 2398-2410 [10.1002/term.2139].

Combined treatment with platelet-rich plasma and insulin favours chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells in three-dimensional collagen scaffolds

SCIOLI, MARIA GIOVANNA;Gentile, P;CERVELLI, VALERIO;ORLANDI, AUGUSTO
2017

Abstract

Osteochondral lesions due to injury or other pathology commonly result in the development of osteoarthritis and progressive joint destruction. Bioengineered scaffolds are widely studied for regenerative surgery strategies in osteochondral defect management, also combining the use of stem cells, growth factors and hormones. The utility in tissue engineering of human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) isolated from adipose tissue has been widely noted. Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represents an alternative strategy in regenerative medicine for the local release of endogenous growth factors and hormones. Here we compared the effects of three-dimensional (3D) collagen type I scaffold culture and combined treatment with PRP and human recombinant insulin on the chondro-/osteogenic differentiation of ASCs. Histochemical and biomolecular analyses demonstrated that chondro-/osteogenic differentiation was increased in ASC-populated 3D collagen scaffolds compared with two-dimensional (2D) plastic dish culture. Chondro-/osteogenic differentiation was further enhanced in the presence of combined PRP (5% v/v) and insulin (100 nm) treatment. In addition, chondro-/osteogenic differentiation associated with the contraction of ASC-populated 3D collagen scaffold and increased β1/β3-integrin expression. Inhibition studies demonstrated that PRP/insulin-induced chondro-/osteogenic differentiation is independent of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling; IGF-R1/mTOR inhibition even enhanced ASC chondro-/osteogenic differentiation. Our findings underline that 3D collagen scaffold culture in association with platelet-derived growth factors and insulin favour the chondro-/osteogenic differentiation of ASCs, suggesting new translational applications in regenerative medicine for the management of osteochondral defects.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
Settore MED/19 - Chirurgia Plastica
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
IGF-1R/mTOR signalling; chondrogenesis/osteogenesis; collagen gel scaffold; human adipose-derived stem cells; insulin; platelet-rich plasma; Adipose Tissue; Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Chondrogenesis; Collagen; Humans; Insulin; Osteogenesis; Platelet-Rich Plasma; Stem Cells; Tissue Scaffolds
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1932-7005
Scioli, M.g., Bielli, A., Gentile, P., Cervelli, V., Orlandi, A. (2017). Combined treatment with platelet-rich plasma and insulin favours chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells in three-dimensional collagen scaffolds. JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE, 11(8), 2398-2410 [10.1002/term.2139].
Scioli, Mg; Bielli, A; Gentile, P; Cervelli, V; Orlandi, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/159888
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