The same language symptom might arise at different functional loci in people with aphasia. Therefore, it is plausible that different therapeutic interventions should be adopted to approach the same difficulties in different patients. Although this point of view is still widely accepted, recently the focus has shifted from the functional locus of a rehabilitative intervention to the mechanisms of action underlying the relearning process. We maintain that both aspects should be taken into account when programming a rehabilitative intervention; furthermore, investigating relearning mechanisms might shed new light on the functional architecture of the disrupted processes. Here, we investigated, in a single case study, whether classical conditioning was a suitable relearning paradigm for targeting word-finding difficulties in pure anomia, that is in a patient with an impairment in accessing intact output lexical representations from a spared semantic system. Using a word-repetition task on picture presentation, we contrasted a condition in which the stimulus onset asynchrony between word and picture stimuli was well suited to produce classical conditioning with a condition in which repetition training could not benefit from this learning mechanism. Only classical conditioning training exerted a significant, long-lasting effect on our patient's naming skill. Tentative implications of our results for the functional architecture of single-word processing are discussed.

Zannino, G., Barban, F., Caltagirone, C., & Carlesimo, G. (2017). Exploring classical conditioning for strengthening the links between semantic and lexical representations in pure anomia: Preliminary findings from a single case study. JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 11(1), N/A-N/A [10.1111/jnp.12088].

Exploring classical conditioning for strengthening the links between semantic and lexical representations in pure anomia: Preliminary findings from a single case study

CALTAGIRONE, CARLO;CARLESIMO, GIOVANNI
2017

Abstract

The same language symptom might arise at different functional loci in people with aphasia. Therefore, it is plausible that different therapeutic interventions should be adopted to approach the same difficulties in different patients. Although this point of view is still widely accepted, recently the focus has shifted from the functional locus of a rehabilitative intervention to the mechanisms of action underlying the relearning process. We maintain that both aspects should be taken into account when programming a rehabilitative intervention; furthermore, investigating relearning mechanisms might shed new light on the functional architecture of the disrupted processes. Here, we investigated, in a single case study, whether classical conditioning was a suitable relearning paradigm for targeting word-finding difficulties in pure anomia, that is in a patient with an impairment in accessing intact output lexical representations from a spared semantic system. Using a word-repetition task on picture presentation, we contrasted a condition in which the stimulus onset asynchrony between word and picture stimuli was well suited to produce classical conditioning with a condition in which repetition training could not benefit from this learning mechanism. Only classical conditioning training exerted a significant, long-lasting effect on our patient's naming skill. Tentative implications of our results for the functional architecture of single-word processing are discussed.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
eng
anomic disorder; classical conditioning; language rehabilitation; lexical semantic system
Zannino, G., Barban, F., Caltagirone, C., & Carlesimo, G. (2017). Exploring classical conditioning for strengthening the links between semantic and lexical representations in pure anomia: Preliminary findings from a single case study. JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 11(1), N/A-N/A [10.1111/jnp.12088].
Zannino, G; Barban, F; Caltagirone, C; Carlesimo, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/155247
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