Short p63 isoform, ΔNp63, is crucial for epidermis formation, and it plays a pivotal role in controlling the turnover of basal keratinocytes by regulating the expression of a subset of genes involved in cell cycle and cell adhesion programs. The glycolytic enzyme hexokinase 2 (HK2) represents the first step of glucose utilization in cells. The family of HKs has four isoforms that differ mainly in their tissue and subcellular distribution. The preferential mitochondrial localization of HK2 at voltage-dependent anion channels provides access to ATP generated by oxidative phosphorylation and generates an ADP/ATP recycling mechanism to maintain high respiration rates and low electron leak. Here, we report that ΔNp63 depletion in human keratinocytes impairs mitochondrial basal respiration and increases mitochondrial membrane polarization and intracellular reactive oxygen species. We show ΔNp63-dependent regulation of HK2 expression, and we use ChIP, validated by p63-Chip sequencing genomewide profiling analysis, and luciferase assays to demonstrate the presence of one p63-specific responsive element within the 15th intronic region of the HK2 gene, providing evidence of a direct interaction. Our data support the notion of ΔNp63 as a master regulator in epithelial cells of a combined subset of molecular mechanisms, including cellular energy metabolism and respiration. The ΔNp63-HK2 axis is also present in epithelial cancer cells, suggesting that ΔNp63 could participate in cancer metabolic reprogramming.

Viticchie, G., Agostini, M., Lena, A.m., Mancini, M., Zhou, H., Zolla, L., et al. (2015). P63 supports aerobic respiration through hexokinase II. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 112(37), 11577-11582 [10.1073/pnas.1508871112].

P63 supports aerobic respiration through hexokinase II

AGOSTINI, MASSIMILIANO;LENA, ANNA MARIA;MANCINI, MARCO;MELINO, GENNARO
;
CANDI, ELEONORA
2015

Abstract

Short p63 isoform, ΔNp63, is crucial for epidermis formation, and it plays a pivotal role in controlling the turnover of basal keratinocytes by regulating the expression of a subset of genes involved in cell cycle and cell adhesion programs. The glycolytic enzyme hexokinase 2 (HK2) represents the first step of glucose utilization in cells. The family of HKs has four isoforms that differ mainly in their tissue and subcellular distribution. The preferential mitochondrial localization of HK2 at voltage-dependent anion channels provides access to ATP generated by oxidative phosphorylation and generates an ADP/ATP recycling mechanism to maintain high respiration rates and low electron leak. Here, we report that ΔNp63 depletion in human keratinocytes impairs mitochondrial basal respiration and increases mitochondrial membrane polarization and intracellular reactive oxygen species. We show ΔNp63-dependent regulation of HK2 expression, and we use ChIP, validated by p63-Chip sequencing genomewide profiling analysis, and luciferase assays to demonstrate the presence of one p63-specific responsive element within the 15th intronic region of the HK2 gene, providing evidence of a direct interaction. Our data support the notion of ΔNp63 as a master regulator in epithelial cells of a combined subset of molecular mechanisms, including cellular energy metabolism and respiration. The ΔNp63-HK2 axis is also present in epithelial cancer cells, suggesting that ΔNp63 could participate in cancer metabolic reprogramming.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/11
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
HK2; keratinocytes; mitochondria; oxidative metabolism; p63; Animals; Cell Proliferation; Cell Separation; Flow Cytometry; Gene Silencing; Glycolysis; Hexokinase; Humans; Hydrogen Peroxide; Keratinocytes; Mice; Microscopy, Electron; Mitochondria; Mitochondrial Membranes; NIH 3T3 Cells; Neoplasms; Oxidative Phosphorylation; Oxidative Stress; Oxygen; Oxygen Consumption; Phenotype; Transcription Factors; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Viticchie, G., Agostini, M., Lena, A.m., Mancini, M., Zhou, H., Zolla, L., et al. (2015). P63 supports aerobic respiration through hexokinase II. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 112(37), 11577-11582 [10.1073/pnas.1508871112].
Viticchie, G; Agostini, M; Lena, Am; Mancini, M; Zhou, H; Zolla, L; Dinsdale, D; Saintigny, G; Melino, G; Candi, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/153167
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