Neutrophils hinder bacterial growth by a variety of antimicrobial mechanisms, including the production of reactive oxygen species and the secretion of proteins that sequester nutrients essential to microbes. A major player in this process is calprotectin, a host protein that exerts antimicrobial activity by chelating zinc and manganese. Here we show that the intestinal pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium uses specialized metal transporters to evade calprotectin sequestration of manganese, allowing the bacteria to outcompete commensals and thrive in the inflamed gut. The pathogen's ability to acquire manganese in turn promotes function of SodA and KatN, enzymes that use the metal as a cofactor to detoxify reactive oxygen species. This manganese-dependent SodA activity allows the bacteria to evade neutrophil killing mediated by calprotectin and reactive oxygen species. Thus, manganese acquisition enables S. Typhimurium to overcome host antimicrobial defenses and support its competitive growth in the intestine.

Diaz-Ochoa, V., Lam, D., Lee, C., Klaus, S., Behnsen, J., Liu, J., et al. (2016). Salmonella Mitigates Oxidative Stress and Thrives in the Inflamed Gut by Evading Calprotectin-Mediated Manganese Sequestration. CELL HOST & MICROBE, 19(6), 814-825 [10.1016/j.chom.2016.05.005].

Salmonella Mitigates Oxidative Stress and Thrives in the Inflamed Gut by Evading Calprotectin-Mediated Manganese Sequestration

Cerasi M;Battistoni A;
2016-06-08

Abstract

Neutrophils hinder bacterial growth by a variety of antimicrobial mechanisms, including the production of reactive oxygen species and the secretion of proteins that sequester nutrients essential to microbes. A major player in this process is calprotectin, a host protein that exerts antimicrobial activity by chelating zinc and manganese. Here we show that the intestinal pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium uses specialized metal transporters to evade calprotectin sequestration of manganese, allowing the bacteria to outcompete commensals and thrive in the inflamed gut. The pathogen's ability to acquire manganese in turn promotes function of SodA and KatN, enzymes that use the metal as a cofactor to detoxify reactive oxygen species. This manganese-dependent SodA activity allows the bacteria to evade neutrophil killing mediated by calprotectin and reactive oxygen species. Thus, manganese acquisition enables S. Typhimurium to overcome host antimicrobial defenses and support its competitive growth in the intestine.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/10
English
Diaz-Ochoa, V., Lam, D., Lee, C., Klaus, S., Behnsen, J., Liu, J., et al. (2016). Salmonella Mitigates Oxidative Stress and Thrives in the Inflamed Gut by Evading Calprotectin-Mediated Manganese Sequestration. CELL HOST & MICROBE, 19(6), 814-825 [10.1016/j.chom.2016.05.005].
Diaz-Ochoa, V; Lam, D; Lee, C; Klaus, S; Behnsen, J; Liu, J; Chim, N; Nuccio, S; Rathi, S; Mastroianni, J; Edwards, R; Jacobo, C; Cerasi, M; Battistoni, A; Ouellette, A; Goulding, C; Chazin, W; Skaar, E; Raffatellu, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/150507
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