Part I. Essays on Impact Evaluation and Governance in the Philippines. Title: Can information about local government performance induce civic participation? Evidence from the Philippines (Journal of Development Studies, forthcoming) The question of whether people are motivated to engage in civic activities once informed of their local government’s performance is relevant to many developing countries that adopted decentralization. Applying propensity score matching technique on a unique household-level dataset from the Philippines, it is found that the knowledge of an index of local government performance has positive and statistically significant effects on the likelihood of membership in local organizations and participation in local projects. Thus, the results support policies for greater transparency in local governance to deepen citizenship.

I Parte. Saggio sulla valutazione d’impatto e governance nelle Filippine. Titolo: Può l’informazione sulla performance del governo locale indurre la partecipazione civile? Riscontri dalle Filippine. (Journal of Development Studies, in fase di pubblicazione). La domanda se la popolazione sia motivata a impegnarsi in attività civiche una volta informata della performance dei loro governi locali è rilevante per molti paesi in via di sviluppo che hanno adottato la decentralizzazione. Applicando la tecnica del propensity score matching su un originale dataset di famiglie intervistate nelle Filippine, gli autori trovano che la conoscenza dell’indice di performance del governo locale ha un impatto positivo e statisticamente significativo sulla probabilità di partecipare ad organizzazioni civiche e progetti locali. In questo modo, i risultati supportano le politiche a favore di una più grande trasparenza nella governance locale per rafforzare il senso di cittadinanza.

Garcia, M.M. (2010). Saggi sulla valutazione d'impatto e governance nelle Filippine e sul Social Banking in Italia.

Saggi sulla valutazione d'impatto e governance nelle Filippine e sul Social Banking in Italia

GARCIA, MARIA MELODY
2010-08-05

Abstract

I Parte. Saggio sulla valutazione d’impatto e governance nelle Filippine. Titolo: Può l’informazione sulla performance del governo locale indurre la partecipazione civile? Riscontri dalle Filippine. (Journal of Development Studies, in fase di pubblicazione). La domanda se la popolazione sia motivata a impegnarsi in attività civiche una volta informata della performance dei loro governi locali è rilevante per molti paesi in via di sviluppo che hanno adottato la decentralizzazione. Applicando la tecnica del propensity score matching su un originale dataset di famiglie intervistate nelle Filippine, gli autori trovano che la conoscenza dell’indice di performance del governo locale ha un impatto positivo e statisticamente significativo sulla probabilità di partecipare ad organizzazioni civiche e progetti locali. In questo modo, i risultati supportano le politiche a favore di una più grande trasparenza nella governance locale per rafforzare il senso di cittadinanza.
A.A. 2009/2010
Economia internazionale
22.
Part I. Essays on Impact Evaluation and Governance in the Philippines. Title: Can information about local government performance induce civic participation? Evidence from the Philippines (Journal of Development Studies, forthcoming) The question of whether people are motivated to engage in civic activities once informed of their local government’s performance is relevant to many developing countries that adopted decentralization. Applying propensity score matching technique on a unique household-level dataset from the Philippines, it is found that the knowledge of an index of local government performance has positive and statistically significant effects on the likelihood of membership in local organizations and participation in local projects. Thus, the results support policies for greater transparency in local governance to deepen citizenship.
Title: What difference can performance ratings make? Difference-in-difference estimates of impact on local government responsiveness in the Philippines. In many countries that have decentralized, improving the accountability of local officials is increasingly emphasized to make them more responsive to their constituents’ needs. This paper provides evidence that the public announcement of performance ratings can induce local governments to become responsive. The evidence is based on application of a difference-in-difference method on a unique household-level dataset collected during the three-year pilot test of a rating system in 12 municipalities and cities in the Philippines. The results are consistent with the predictions of political agency models of incumbent behavior. Some policy guidelines on the design and implementation performance benchmarks are made.
Part II. Essays on Social Banking in Italy. Title: Credit rationing and credit view: empirical evidence from loan data. The empirical literature tries to identify credit rationing and its determinants by using balance sheet data or evidence from corporate surveys. Observational equivalence, identification problems, and interview biases are serious problems in these studies. The paper analyses the determinants of credit rationing directly on credit files by looking at the difference between the amount demanded and supplied to each borrower from official bank records. Using discrete choice models, the findings provide microeconomic evidence in support of the credit view hypothesis showing that the European Central Bank refinancing rate is significantly and positively related to partial (but not total) credit rationing. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis that such variable affects the total volume of bank loans.
Title: Do collateral theories work in social banking. We study the determinants of collateralization on the universe of credit files of non individual borrowers in a “Grameen’s type” Bank (Banca Popolare Etica) which aims to reconcile economic sustainability with the pursuit of social goals. The extremely high share of uncollateralized loans (around 42 percent) appears consistent with a multi stakeholder (customer oriented) approach which internalizes the welfare costs of default of collateralized borrowers. Using multinomial logit approach, the findings document that collateralization depends positively on ex ante borrower’s risk (proxied by non performing past track record) and, negatively, on relationship lending. The incentive effect seems to work since collateralized borrowers are ex ante, but not ex post, riskier.
impact evaluation; quasi-experimental design; governance; collateral; credit rationing; local governments; performance ratings; decentralization
Settore SECS-P/01 - Economia Politica
English
Tesi di dottorato
Garcia, M.M. (2010). Saggi sulla valutazione d'impatto e governance nelle Filippine e sul Social Banking in Italia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/1401
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