Records of clinical assistance and of post-exposure antirabies prophylaxis from 4820 outpatients who attended the Antirabies Center of Rome following animal bites in 1986 were analysed. We observed a high proportion of people submitted to active immunization (44% received at least one shot of HDCV vaccine) in spite of the fact that rabies is absent from Central Italy since many decades in both wild and domestic animals. These considerations suggest the opportunity of a major revision of the official recommendations for rabies prevention, and we feel that different policies should be adopted in rabies enzootic areas (such as Northern Italy) compared to those where the risk is only potential. Immunization should be avoided after bites by rodents; passive immunization should be added to the vaccine after bites by wild animals in enzootic areas, while bites by cats and dogs, even uncaptured, will not be necessarily followed by vaccination in non enzootic areas.

Fara, G.M., Panà, A., Signorelli, C., Mancinelli, S., Marazzi, M.C., & Palombi, L. (1988). [Proposal for changing the ministerial instructions for antirabies prophylaxis in the light of the experience of the Centro Antirabbico di Roma]. PARASSITOLOGIA, 30(1), 71-79.

[Proposal for changing the ministerial instructions for antirabies prophylaxis in the light of the experience of the Centro Antirabbico di Roma]

PANA', AUGUSTO;MANCINELLI, SANDRO;PALOMBI, LEONARDO
1988

Abstract

Records of clinical assistance and of post-exposure antirabies prophylaxis from 4820 outpatients who attended the Antirabies Center of Rome following animal bites in 1986 were analysed. We observed a high proportion of people submitted to active immunization (44% received at least one shot of HDCV vaccine) in spite of the fact that rabies is absent from Central Italy since many decades in both wild and domestic animals. These considerations suggest the opportunity of a major revision of the official recommendations for rabies prevention, and we feel that different policies should be adopted in rabies enzootic areas (such as Northern Italy) compared to those where the risk is only potential. Immunization should be avoided after bites by rodents; passive immunization should be added to the vaccine after bites by wild animals in enzootic areas, while bites by cats and dogs, even uncaptured, will not be necessarily followed by vaccination in non enzootic areas.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Italian
Senza Impact Factor ISI
Rabies Vaccines; Bites and Stings; Species Specificity; Male; Adolescent; Risk; Rabies; Animals, Wild; Middle Aged; Infant; Female; Child, Preschool; Immunization, Passive; Italy; Disease Reservoirs; Animals; Humans; Animals, Domestic; Child; Aged; Adult
Fara, G.M., Panà, A., Signorelli, C., Mancinelli, S., Marazzi, M.C., & Palombi, L. (1988). [Proposal for changing the ministerial instructions for antirabies prophylaxis in the light of the experience of the Centro Antirabbico di Roma]. PARASSITOLOGIA, 30(1), 71-79.
Fara, G; Pana', A; Signorelli, C; Mancinelli, S; Marazzi, M; Palombi, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/13571
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