Early response evaluation with [(18) F]fluordeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography after 2 cycles of chemotherapy (interim PET) has been indicated as the strongest predictor for outcome in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We studied the prognostic role of the number of tumor-infiltrating CD68+ cells and of the plasma levels of TARC (thymus and activation-regulated chemokine) in the context of interim PET in 102 patients with classical HL treated with Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine, Dacarbazine (ABVD). After 2 ABVD cycles, interim PET according to Deauville criteria was negative (score 0-3) in 85 patients and positive (score 4-5) in 15 patients (2 patients technically not evaluable). TARC levels were elevated in 89% of patients at diagnosis, and decreased after 2 cycles in 82% of patients. Persistently elevated TARC levels in 18% of patients were significantly associated with a positive PET result (P = 0.007). Strong predictors for progression-free survival (PFS) were a negative interim PET (85% vs. 28%, P < 0.0001) and CD68+ cell counts <5% (89% vs. 67%, P = 0.006), while TARC levels at diagnosis and at interim evaluation had no prognostic role. In multivariate analysis, interim PET, CD68+ cell counts and presence of B-symptoms were independently associated with PFS. We conclude that although TARC levels are a biomarker for early response evaluation, they cannot substitute for interim PET as outcome predictor in HL. The evaluation of CD68 counts and B-symptoms at diagnosis may help to identify low-risk patients regardless positive interim PET.
Cuccaro, A., Annunziata, S., Cupelli, E., Martini, M., Calcagni, M.l., Rufini, V., et al. (2016). CD68+ cell count, early evaluation with PET and plasma TARC levels predict response in Hodgkin lymphoma. CANCER MEDICINE.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Cuccaro, A., Annunziata, S., Cupelli, E., Martini, M., Calcagni, M.l., Rufini, V., et al. (2016). CD68+ cell count, early evaluation with PET and plasma TARC levels predict response in Hodgkin lymphoma. CANCER MEDICINE.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.585|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-gen-2016|
|Titolo:||CD68+ cell count, early evaluation with PET and plasma TARC levels predict response in Hodgkin lymphoma|
|Autori:||Cuccaro, A; Annunziata, S; Cupelli, E; Martini, M; Calcagni, Ml; Rufini, V; Giachelia, M; Bartolomei, F; Galli, E; D'Alò, F; Voso, MT; Leone, G; Giordano, A; Larocca, Lm; Hohaus, S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|