This clinical, retrospective study intends to evaluate whether the systemic administration of fluoride during pregnancy can reduce caries incidence in a group of paediatric patients, compared to a control group. 84 patients were selected out of a sample of 2000 children (3-15 years of age) and then divided in two groups: TEST Group: 34 patients (16M – 18F, mean age 9.23), whose mothers had taken fluoride during pregnancy; CONTROL Group: 50 patients (23M - 27F, mean age 9) whose mothers had not taken fluoride. Patients underwent a clinical and radiographic inspection to assess the dfs/DFS value as caries index (decayed or filled surfaces for deciduous or permanent teeth). Results: dfs/DFS value: TEST Group: 3.41, CONTROL group 2.49. The TEST group was further divided in individuals who were administered fluoride only during pregnancy (33%) with a dfs/DFS of 3.14 and individuals who were administered fluoride also after birth (67%) with a dfs/DFS of 3. Caries index (dfs/DFS) did not show any significant differences between the test and control groups. Fluoride administration during pregnancy and postpartum does not seem to have a significant impact on the reduction of caries incidence. More preventive strategies should be investigated to contrast the multifactorial etiology of children caries.
Maturo, P., Costacurta, M., Perugia, C., & Docimo, R. (2011). Fluoride supplements in pregnancy, effectiveness in the prevention of dental caries in a group of children. ORAL & IMPLANTOLOGY, 4(1), 9-13.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Maturo, P., Costacurta, M., Perugia, C., & Docimo, R. (2011). Fluoride supplements in pregnancy, effectiveness in the prevention of dental caries in a group of children. ORAL & IMPLANTOLOGY, 4(1), 9-13.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2011|
|Titolo:||Fluoride supplements in pregnancy, effectiveness in the prevention of dental caries in a group of children|
|Autori:||Maturo, P; Costacurta, M; Perugia, C; Docimo, R|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|