In this study, we have compared the effects of two structurally related compounds carbamazepine (CBZ) and oxcarbazepine (OXC), both in current use for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder, on fast excitatory transmission in rat hippocampal slices. Using electrophysiological recordings, we have investigated the effects of CBZ and OXC on repetitive action potential discharge of CA1 pyramidal neurons demonstrating that both compounds produced firing inhibition with similar IC(50) values. Moreover, we show that bath applied CBZ (0.01-1 mM) exerted a concentration-dependent decrease in the amplitude of the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials with an IC(50) of approximately 194.3 microM. When OXC was used at the same concentrations, the concentration-response curve was shifted to the right (IC(50) of approximately 711.07 microM). In addition, we demonstrated that CBZ and OXC reduced, to a different extent, both evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents and NMDA-, AMPA-, and KA-mediated inward currents, CBZ being more potent than OXC. These data highlight distinct presynaptic and postsynaptic sites of action for both compounds and suggest that CBZ, by markedly depressing postsynaptic ionotropic glutamate receptors-mediated responses, may produce more severe cognitive and memory impairment. Thus, we assume that relatively high doses of OXC could be better tolerated than therapeutically equivalent doses of CBZ, justifying the preferential use of OXC as first-line treatment in the therapy of neurological and psychiatric disorders, particularly when compared with CBZ.

Giustizieri, M., Armogida, M., Berretta, N., FEDERICI, M., PICCIRILLI, S., MERCURI, N.B., et al. (2008). Differential effect of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine on excitatory synaptic transmission in rat hippocampus. SYNAPSE, 62(10), 783-789 [10.1002/syn.20556].

Differential effect of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine on excitatory synaptic transmission in rat hippocampus

FEDERICI, MASSIMO;PICCIRILLI, SILVIA;MERCURI, NICOLA BIAGIO;NISTICO', ROBERT GIOVANNI
2008

Abstract

In this study, we have compared the effects of two structurally related compounds carbamazepine (CBZ) and oxcarbazepine (OXC), both in current use for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder, on fast excitatory transmission in rat hippocampal slices. Using electrophysiological recordings, we have investigated the effects of CBZ and OXC on repetitive action potential discharge of CA1 pyramidal neurons demonstrating that both compounds produced firing inhibition with similar IC(50) values. Moreover, we show that bath applied CBZ (0.01-1 mM) exerted a concentration-dependent decrease in the amplitude of the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials with an IC(50) of approximately 194.3 microM. When OXC was used at the same concentrations, the concentration-response curve was shifted to the right (IC(50) of approximately 711.07 microM). In addition, we demonstrated that CBZ and OXC reduced, to a different extent, both evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents and NMDA-, AMPA-, and KA-mediated inward currents, CBZ being more potent than OXC. These data highlight distinct presynaptic and postsynaptic sites of action for both compounds and suggest that CBZ, by markedly depressing postsynaptic ionotropic glutamate receptors-mediated responses, may produce more severe cognitive and memory impairment. Thus, we assume that relatively high doses of OXC could be better tolerated than therapeutically equivalent doses of CBZ, justifying the preferential use of OXC as first-line treatment in the therapy of neurological and psychiatric disorders, particularly when compared with CBZ.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/14
English
Animals; Carbamazepine; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials; Hippocampus; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Synaptic Transmission
Giustizieri, M., Armogida, M., Berretta, N., FEDERICI, M., PICCIRILLI, S., MERCURI, N.B., et al. (2008). Differential effect of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine on excitatory synaptic transmission in rat hippocampus. SYNAPSE, 62(10), 783-789 [10.1002/syn.20556].
Giustizieri, M; Armogida, M; Berretta, N; Federici, M; Piccirilli, S; Mercuri, Nb; Nistico', Rg
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/133195
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