This paper describes a sub-entire, partially articulated skeleton of chamois found together with other vertebrate remains in a silty lens with limestone clasts between the 104 and 105 SSUU of Grotta Mora Cavorso (Latium, Italy). This silty lens is chronologically correlatable to a temperate oscillation of MIS 3. The skull and post-cranial remains from Grotta Mora Cavorso were compared with the fossil remains of chamois from numerous Late Pleistocene and older Holocene sites of Italy and of Pyrenees and Iberian Peninsula. Additional comparisons were made with large samples of extant chamois, Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata, R. pyrenaica pyrenaica and R. rupicapra rupicapra. Morphological and morphometric features of the skull and the horn-core, as well as other characters of the metacarpus suggest to refer the fossil remains from Grotta Mora Cavorso to Apennine chamois, R. pyrenaica ornata. This is the earliest ascertained record in Central-Southern Italy of the ornata-like chamois, a subspecies so far known with certainty only in the Holocene, or possibly in the Lateglacial.

Salari, L., Rolfo, M.f., Petronio, C. (2014). The Late Pleistocene Apennine Chamois from Grotta Mora Cavorsa (Simbruini Mountains, Central Italy). RIVISTA ITALIANA DI PALEONTOLOGIA E STRATIGRAFIA, 120(3), 381-408.

The Late Pleistocene Apennine Chamois from Grotta Mora Cavorsa (Simbruini Mountains, Central Italy)

ROLFO, MARIO FEDERICO;
2014-01-01

Abstract

This paper describes a sub-entire, partially articulated skeleton of chamois found together with other vertebrate remains in a silty lens with limestone clasts between the 104 and 105 SSUU of Grotta Mora Cavorso (Latium, Italy). This silty lens is chronologically correlatable to a temperate oscillation of MIS 3. The skull and post-cranial remains from Grotta Mora Cavorso were compared with the fossil remains of chamois from numerous Late Pleistocene and older Holocene sites of Italy and of Pyrenees and Iberian Peninsula. Additional comparisons were made with large samples of extant chamois, Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata, R. pyrenaica pyrenaica and R. rupicapra rupicapra. Morphological and morphometric features of the skull and the horn-core, as well as other characters of the metacarpus suggest to refer the fossil remains from Grotta Mora Cavorso to Apennine chamois, R. pyrenaica ornata. This is the earliest ascertained record in Central-Southern Italy of the ornata-like chamois, a subspecies so far known with certainty only in the Holocene, or possibly in the Lateglacial.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore L-ANT/01 - Preistoria e Protostoria
English
Senza Impact Factor ISI
Late Pleistocene
Rupicapra
Grotta Mora Cavorso, Italy
Salari, L., Rolfo, M.f., Petronio, C. (2014). The Late Pleistocene Apennine Chamois from Grotta Mora Cavorsa (Simbruini Mountains, Central Italy). RIVISTA ITALIANA DI PALEONTOLOGIA E STRATIGRAFIA, 120(3), 381-408.
Salari, L; Rolfo, Mf; Petronio, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/120713
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