In the immune system, the serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) increase gradually during ageing. Through B cell development, the Ig heavy chain expression is modulated by a regulatory region at the 3' of the constant alpha gene (3'RR), in single copy in rodents and, due to a large duplication, in two copies in apes. The human 3'RR1 and 3'RR2 are both characterized by three enhancers, the central of which, namely hs1.2, is highly polymorphic. Human hs1.2 has four different variants with unique binding sites for transcription factors (e.g. NF-kB and SP1) and shows variable allelic frequencies in populations with immune disorders. In previous works, we have reported that in several autoimmune diseases the *2 allele of hs1.2 is genetically associated to high level of IgM in peripheral blood. In subjects with altered levels of circulating Ig, an increased level was associated to *2 allele of hs1.2 and low levels corresponded to high frequency of *1 allele.

Serone, E., Daleno, C., Principi, N., Porretti, L., Iacoacci, V., Gargioli, C., et al. (2014). The change in Ig regulation from children to adults disconnects the correlation with the 3'RR hs1.2 polymorphism. BMC IMMUNOLOGY, 15(1), 45 [10.1186/s12865-014-0045-0].

The change in Ig regulation from children to adults disconnects the correlation with the 3'RR hs1.2 polymorphism

GARGIOLI, CESARE;MAGRINI, ANDREA;Massoud, R;
2014-11-13

Abstract

In the immune system, the serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) increase gradually during ageing. Through B cell development, the Ig heavy chain expression is modulated by a regulatory region at the 3' of the constant alpha gene (3'RR), in single copy in rodents and, due to a large duplication, in two copies in apes. The human 3'RR1 and 3'RR2 are both characterized by three enhancers, the central of which, namely hs1.2, is highly polymorphic. Human hs1.2 has four different variants with unique binding sites for transcription factors (e.g. NF-kB and SP1) and shows variable allelic frequencies in populations with immune disorders. In previous works, we have reported that in several autoimmune diseases the *2 allele of hs1.2 is genetically associated to high level of IgM in peripheral blood. In subjects with altered levels of circulating Ig, an increased level was associated to *2 allele of hs1.2 and low levels corresponded to high frequency of *1 allele.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/06
English
Adult; Child; Child, Preschool; Enhancer Elements, Genetic; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Gene Frequency; Humans; Immunoglobulin alpha-Chains; Male; Polymorphism, Genetic
Serone, E., Daleno, C., Principi, N., Porretti, L., Iacoacci, V., Gargioli, C., et al. (2014). The change in Ig regulation from children to adults disconnects the correlation with the 3'RR hs1.2 polymorphism. BMC IMMUNOLOGY, 15(1), 45 [10.1186/s12865-014-0045-0].
Serone, E; Daleno, C; Principi, N; Porretti, L; Iacoacci, V; Gargioli, C; Magrini, A; Massoud, R; D'Addabbo, P; Cattalini, M; Giambra, V; Plebani, A; Esposito, S; Frezza, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/119099
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