The authors analyze the archeological, historical, botanical, cytological, geographic, molecular and reproductive biology of saffron and allied species in order to establish its site and parent origin. The authors have studied saffron, Crocus sativus and the diploid species C. cartwrightianus, C. thomasii, C. hadriaticus and compared them with what was previously known from the literature. When saffron originated is still open to dispute. It has been widely known since the pre-Hellenic and Hellenic periods, but it is impossible to detect if was C. sativus or other Crocus species such as C. cartwrightianus. Concerning the site origin the research indicates two possible sites: one in Greece in the Mediterranean area, the other at East in Turkey-Iran-India. In both areas, records and placenames connected with various species of Crocus constitute an important information source for the presence of saffron. Cytological, DNA, and reproductive studies on the allied species of C. sativus such as C. cartwrightianus, C. thomasii, C. hadriaticus, indicate a more likely parent of saffron may be C. cartwrightianus or C. thomasii. Both these species are diploid with a karyotype similar to saffron. In addition, their pollen can fertilize the egg cell of saffron, giving rise to seeds which are viable, germinate and form new corms. Thus Saffron can originate through fertilization of a normal reduced egg cell with an unreduced male gamete of the same Crocus species or by crossing between an egg cell and the male unreduced gamete of another species. The origin of Saffron by allopolyploidy seems more probable considering the recent data on its caryotype and molecular biology

GRILLI CAIOLA, M., Canini, A. (2010). Looking for saffron's (Crocus sativus L.) parents. FUNCTIONAL PLANT SCIENCE & BIOTECHNOLOGY, 4, 1-14.

Looking for saffron's (Crocus sativus L.) parents

GRILLI CAIOLA, MARIA;CANINI, ANTONELLA
2010

Abstract

The authors analyze the archeological, historical, botanical, cytological, geographic, molecular and reproductive biology of saffron and allied species in order to establish its site and parent origin. The authors have studied saffron, Crocus sativus and the diploid species C. cartwrightianus, C. thomasii, C. hadriaticus and compared them with what was previously known from the literature. When saffron originated is still open to dispute. It has been widely known since the pre-Hellenic and Hellenic periods, but it is impossible to detect if was C. sativus or other Crocus species such as C. cartwrightianus. Concerning the site origin the research indicates two possible sites: one in Greece in the Mediterranean area, the other at East in Turkey-Iran-India. In both areas, records and placenames connected with various species of Crocus constitute an important information source for the presence of saffron. Cytological, DNA, and reproductive studies on the allied species of C. sativus such as C. cartwrightianus, C. thomasii, C. hadriaticus, indicate a more likely parent of saffron may be C. cartwrightianus or C. thomasii. Both these species are diploid with a karyotype similar to saffron. In addition, their pollen can fertilize the egg cell of saffron, giving rise to seeds which are viable, germinate and form new corms. Thus Saffron can originate through fertilization of a normal reduced egg cell with an unreduced male gamete of the same Crocus species or by crossing between an egg cell and the male unreduced gamete of another species. The origin of Saffron by allopolyploidy seems more probable considering the recent data on its caryotype and molecular biology
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore BIO/01
English
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http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/JournalsSup/images/Sample/FPSB_4(SI2)1-14o.pdf
GRILLI CAIOLA, M., Canini, A. (2010). Looking for saffron's (Crocus sativus L.) parents. FUNCTIONAL PLANT SCIENCE & BIOTECHNOLOGY, 4, 1-14.
GRILLI CAIOLA, M; Canini, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/11505
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