This study examines the retinal transdifferentiation (TD) of retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) fragments dissected from Xenopus laevis larvae and implanted into the vitreous chamber of non-lentectomized host eyes. In these experimental conditions, most RPE implants transformed into polarized vesicles in which the side adjacent to the lens maintained the RPE phenotype, while the side adjacent to the host retina transformed into a laminar retina with the photoreceptor layer facing the cavity of the vesicle and with the ganglionar cell layer facing the host retina. The formation of a new retina with a laminar organization is the result of depigmentation, proliferation and differentiation of progenitor cells under the influence of inductive factors from the host retina. The phases of the TD process were followed using BrdU labelling as a marker of the proliferation phase and using a monoclonal antibody (mAbHP1) as a definitive indicator of retina formation. Pigmented RPE cells do not express Pax6. In the early phase of RPE to retinal TD, all depigmented and proliferating progenitor cells expressed Pax6. Changes in the Pax6 expression pattern became apparent in the early phase of differentiation, when Pax6 expression decreased in the presumptive outer nuclear layer (ONL) of the new-forming retina. Finally, during the late differentiation phase, the ONL, which contains photoreceptors, no longer expressed Pax6, Pax6 expression being confined to the ganglion cell layer and the inner nuclear layer. These results indicate that Pax6 may have different roles during the different phases of RPE to retinal TD, acting as an early retinal determinant and later directing progenitor cell fate.
Arresta, E., Bernardini, S., Bernardini, E., Filoni, S., & Cannata, S. (2005). Pigmented epithelium to retina transdifferentiation and Pax6 expression in larval Xenopus laevis. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY. PART A COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 303, 958-967.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Arresta, E., Bernardini, S., Bernardini, E., Filoni, S., & Cannata, S. (2005). Pigmented epithelium to retina transdifferentiation and Pax6 expression in larval Xenopus laevis. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY. PART A COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 303, 958-967.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/06|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Pigmented epithelium to retina transdifferentiation and Pax6 expression in larval Xenopus laevis.|
|Autori:||Arresta, E; Bernardini, S; Bernardini, E; Filoni, S; Cannata, S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|