Here we report a fundamental angle resolved study on bare dye solar cells, DSCs, and those coupled to two different prisms (hemi-cube and hemi-cylinder). The natural angular enhancement of incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency of DSCs is shown to further increase in the prisms case. This is partially due to the higher external transmittance and mainly to the longer optical path, achieved thanks to the tilted surfaces and optical density of the coupling elements. Results suggest possible use of DSCs with thin active layers (below 10 mu m) and micrometric refractive prisms or nanometric diffraction gratings on the surface, compensating the incomplete light absorption by an enhanced optical path. A simplified yet robust angular refractive path model, which includes Fresnel reflection, Snell's refraction and Lambert Beer absorption, can clearly explain the results and predict enhancements at larger angles than the used ones. The angular photo-electronic measurements revealed also an elegant tool to retrieve a dispersion curve for the effective refractive index tiff (A) of such a complex and absorbing medium as the sensitized porous titania filled with electrolyte. Such information could be used in the design and simulation of different photon management structures, from the macroscopic size of 3D photovoltaics architectures to the micro-and nano-scale of anti-reflection, refractive or diffraction texturing. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dominici, L., D'Ercole, D., Brown, T., Michelotti, F., Reale, A., & Di Carlo, A. (2013). Angular refractive path for optical enhancement and evaluation of dye solar cells. SOLAR ENERGY, 98(C), 553-560 [10.1016/j.solener.2013.10.025].

Angular refractive path for optical enhancement and evaluation of dye solar cells

DOMINICI, LORENZO;BROWN, THOMAS MEREDITH;REALE, ANDREA;DI CARLO, ALDO
2013

Abstract

Here we report a fundamental angle resolved study on bare dye solar cells, DSCs, and those coupled to two different prisms (hemi-cube and hemi-cylinder). The natural angular enhancement of incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency of DSCs is shown to further increase in the prisms case. This is partially due to the higher external transmittance and mainly to the longer optical path, achieved thanks to the tilted surfaces and optical density of the coupling elements. Results suggest possible use of DSCs with thin active layers (below 10 mu m) and micrometric refractive prisms or nanometric diffraction gratings on the surface, compensating the incomplete light absorption by an enhanced optical path. A simplified yet robust angular refractive path model, which includes Fresnel reflection, Snell's refraction and Lambert Beer absorption, can clearly explain the results and predict enhancements at larger angles than the used ones. The angular photo-electronic measurements revealed also an elegant tool to retrieve a dispersion curve for the effective refractive index tiff (A) of such a complex and absorbing medium as the sensitized porous titania filled with electrolyte. Such information could be used in the design and simulation of different photon management structures, from the macroscopic size of 3D photovoltaics architectures to the micro-and nano-scale of anti-reflection, refractive or diffraction texturing. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore ING-INF/01 - Elettronica
English
Dominici, L., D'Ercole, D., Brown, T., Michelotti, F., Reale, A., & Di Carlo, A. (2013). Angular refractive path for optical enhancement and evaluation of dye solar cells. SOLAR ENERGY, 98(C), 553-560 [10.1016/j.solener.2013.10.025].
Dominici, L; D'Ercole, D; Brown, Tm; Michelotti, F; Reale, A; DI CARLO, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/104675
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