Immunoassays are a valid alternative to the more expensive and time consuming quantitative HPLC or GC(1, 2) methods for the screening detection of hazardous mycotoxins in food commodities. In this protocol we show how to fabricate and interrogate an electrochemical competitive Enzyme linked immunomagnetic assay based on the use of magnetic beads as solid support for the immunochemical chain(3) and screen printed electrodes as sensing platform. Our method aims to determine the total amount of HT-2 and T-2 toxins, mycotoxins belonging to the trichothecenes family and of great concern for human health(4). The use of an antibody clone with a cross reactivity of 100% towards HT-2 and T-2 allows to simultaneously detect both toxins with similar sensitivity(5). The first step of our assay is the coating step where we immobilize HT2-KLH conjugate toxin on the surface of magnetic beads. After a blocking step, necessary to avoid non-specific absorptions, the addition of a monoclonal antibody allows the competition between immobilized HT-2 and free HT-2 or T-2 present in the sample or dissolved in a standard solution. At the end of the competition step, the amount of monoclonal antibody linked to the immobilized HT-2 will be inversely proportional to the amount of toxin in the sample solution. A secondary antibody labeled with alkaline phosphatase (AP) is used to reveal the binding between the specific antibody and the immobilized HT-2. The final measurement step is performed by dropping an aliquot of magnetic bead suspension, corresponding to a specific sample/standard solution, on the surface of a screen-printed working electrode; magnetic beads are immobilized and concentrated by means of a magnet placed precisely under the screen-printed electrode. After two minutes of incubation between magnetic beads and a substrate for AP, the enzymatic product is detected by Differential Pulse Voltammetry (DPV) using a portable instrument (PalmSens) also able to initiate automatically eight measurements within an interval of few seconds.
Romanazzo, D., Ricci, F., Vesco, S., Piermarini, S., Volpe, G., Moscone, D., et al. (2009). ELIME (enzyme linked immuno magnetic electrochemical) method for mycotoxin detection(32) [10.3791/1588].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Romanazzo, D., Ricci, F., Vesco, S., Piermarini, S., Volpe, G., Moscone, D., et al. (2009). ELIME (enzyme linked immuno magnetic electrochemical) method for mycotoxin detection(32) [10.3791/1588].|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/1588|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||ELIME (enzyme linked immuno magnetic electrochemical) method for mycotoxin detection|
|Autori:||Romanazzo, D; Ricci, F; Vesco, S; Piermarini, S; Volpe, G; Moscone, D; Palleschi, G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|